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Glossary of Terms

BF = Blast Furnace
BHA = Butylated Hydroxyanisole
BOF = Basic Oxygen Furnace
CARB = California Air Resources Board
CPSC = Consumer Product Safety Commission
DBP = Dibutylphthalate
DEHP = Diethylhexyl Phthalate
DNEL = Derived No Effect Level
EAF = Electric Arc Furnace
EPA = Environmental Protection Agency
EU = European Union
FDA = Food and Drug Administration
HPLC = High Performance Liquid Chromatography
LCA = Life Cycle Analysis
MADL = Maximum Allowable Dose Level
MCL = Maximum Contaminant Level
MRL = Minimum Risk Level
NSRL = No Significant Risk Level
NPE = Nonylphenol Ethoxylate
OSHA = Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PBDEs = Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers
PBT = Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic
PCB = Polychlorinated Biphenyl
PEC = Predicted Environmental Concentration
PNEC = Predicted No Effect Concentration
PVC = Polyvinyl Chloride
RfC = Reference Concentration
RfD = Reference Dose
SVOCs = Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds
TRV = Toxicological Reference Value
TRWP = Tire and Road Wear Particles
VOCs = Volatile Organic Compounds